Compulsory Elementary and Secondary School
In Canada, education is publicly funded and overseen by the federal and provincial governments. Each province and territory has its own education system. Compulsory education includes elementary and secondary studies. In most provinces, this is up until the age of 16; in some provinces, until 18. Secondary education ends at grade 12 for all provinces except for Quebec, where high school ends one year earlier. Toward the end of high school, students choose between different fields of study based on their interests. These courses help prepare students for university. In Quebec, students select their field of study after completing high school, in a pre-university college called “CEGEP” (Collège d’enseignement géneral et professional). Students must complete two to three years of CEGEP, depending on their program of choice, prior to applying to university. Students from all other provinces can be admitted to university immediately after completing high school.
After graduating from high school (or CEGEP in Quebec’s case), students can decide whether to continue their studies at a university or vocational school, or enter the workforce right away. Those who elect to further their studies have close to 100 universities and colleges to choose from.
Canada is home to some of the best and most respected universities in the world. According to Times Higher Education’s World University Rankings 2016-2017, 26 Canadian universities are included in the world’s best. Eight Canadian universities ranked in the top 200 in the world, offering students a world-class education. The cost of university in Canada is also significantly lower than in the United States, for both national and international students.
Canada’s universities enroll many international students, hire international professors, and encourage international collaborations. The Canadian Bureau for International Education conducted a survey of international students and found that over 90% of students were either satisfied or very satisfied with their studies in Canada. Also according to the survey, over 95% of students would recommend Canada as a destination for studies.
Top 5 Universities in Canada
A brief description of each of the 5 top universities in Canada is provided below:
- University of Toronto (World University Rank: #22)
- University of British Columbia (World University Rank: #36)
- McGill University (World University Rank: #42)
- Université de Montréal (World University Ranking: #103)
- University of Alberta (World University Ranking: #107)
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